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Application & Dilution

“Flowers seem intended for the solace of ordinary humanity” - John Ruskin

Essential oils can be used in a variety of ways.


  • Topical Application - Use the appropriate dilution percentage in a carrier oil, lotion, Aloe Vera gel, or soap. Use essential oils neat (undiluted) when appropriate and as directed by a Certified or Clinical Aromatherapist.
  • In a bath - Use only 5-8 drops total of essential oil in a carrier per bath. It is best not to pour the essential oils directly into the bath water. Dilute them first in an ounce of bath salts, ½ ounce of any carrier oil, or in one cup of whole milk or heavy/light cream.
  • Inhalation - Inhale directly, use a diffuser (spa mist diffuser), humidifier, or inhaler or put a drop of the oil or stock blend in a cup of hot water. 
  • Internal Consumption Some essential oils are suitable for internal use. Be sure to consult a Medicinal Aromatherapist before ingesting any essential oil.

Frequently we are asked how many drops of essential oil make up one ml, one ounce etc. The number of drops varies by the viscosity of the particular oil. A thicker oil like Vetiver (Veteveria zizenoides) or Sandalwood (Santalum album) will drip out of the orifice reducer in bigger/thicker drops therefore yielding less drops per ml,  while a citrus oil like Tangerine (Citrus reticulata) or Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) is a thinner essential oil therefore yielding more drops per milliliter (ml) or ounce.

Average drops of essential oils
Approximately 600 drops = 1 oz
Approximately 300 drops = 1/2 oz 15 ml.
Approximately 100 drops = 5 ml, 1/6 oz or one teaspoon
Approximately 20 drops per ml.


Depending on the specific essential oil and the situation, a total of 5-18 drops of essential oil can be added into 1 oz (30 ml) of carrier oil. These amounts vary based on the person for whom you are making the blend (see dilution percentages below) and on the strength of the specific essential oil you are using. For example, you can use several drops of Rhododendron Essential Oil (Rhododendron anthopogon) to every 1 drop of Jasmine Absolute (Jasminum grandifloram) because of the strength of the aroma of these two particular essential oils.

  • 1% dilution = 5-6 drops of essential oil to each ounce of carrier oil or cream. This dilution is used for children, elders, chronically ill persons, and pregnant women.
  • 2% dilution = 10-12 drops of essential oils to each ounce of carrier oil or cream. This dilution is used for massage oils for the average adult.
  • 3% dilution= 15-18 drops of essential oil to each ounce of carrier oil or cream. This dilution is used for specific illnesses or for acute injury.